Gum disease (periodontitis) is a condition caused by the gradual build-up of harmful oral bacteria. Over time, these bacteria form a sticky film known as plaque, which adheres to the surface of tooth enamel. Left untreated, plaque can cause gums to recede and may eventually lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is also correlated with other serious medical conditions, such as heart disease and diabetes, and may be particularly dangerous during pregnancy. The symptoms of gum disease include sore, reddened, inflamed, or bleeding gums. However, the disease can also be symptom free in its early stages. It is easy to treat and reverse if caught early. Prevention is therefore key. If you are concerned about periodontal disease in Belmont, there are a number of steps you can take to protect the health of your gums.
Follow a Conscientious Dental Hygiene Regimen
Careful and consistent dental hygiene is crucial to prevent gum disease. Brush your teeth at least twice daily, using a soft-bristled brush. Make sure you clean all the tooth surfaces. Hold the brush at a 45-degree angle to clean the gum line. Brush gently with small side-to-side strokes. Replace your toothbrush or detachable toothbrush head every three to four months, or as soon as bristles begin to show signs of wear. You should also floss your teeth at least once a day, making sure you clean below the gum line. Use fluoride toothpaste and rinse with a fluoride mouthwash for extra protection.
Schedule Regular Dental Checkups
Schedule regular dental checkups to monitor the health of your teeth and gums. Know the risk factors for periodontal disease. You may be more susceptible to periodontitis if you are older, if you are a smoker, or if there is a family history of the condition. Ask your dental professional for an annual comprehensive periodontal evaluation (CPE), to check the health of your teeth, gums, mouth, and jaw.