Periodontitis is a form of gum disease that occurs if gingivitis is left untreated. If you develop periodontitis, only treatment by a dentist or periodontist can prevent further damage to your gums. There are several different forms and stages of periodontitis, and the earlier you receive treatment, the better your chances are of avoiding complications like tooth loss. If you suspect you have periodontitis but have been avoiding the dentist because of anxiety, consider seeing a dentist who offers sedation dentistry to get the care you need. Here is a closer look at the types of periodontitis.
Aggressive periodontitis occurs when you have gum disease but are otherwise healthy. This type of periodontitis can develop quickly and lead to loss of tooth attachments and destruction of jawbone very fast, so early treatment is essential. If you experience sudden gum redness and bleeding, pain, or shifting of teeth, see your dentist or periodontist right away for care to prevent tooth loss.
If you have chronic periodontitis, chronic inflammation of your gum tissue is to blame. This type of periodontitis is the most common form and generally develops more slowly, though rapid detachment is possible. The most common sign of chronic periodontitis is gum recession and the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums. Without periodontal treatment, which can be performed using sedation dentistry techniques, chronic periodontitis can result in tooth loss and the need for dental implants.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease
Necrotizing periodontal disease is an aggressive form of periodontitis in which necrosis occurs in the gum tissue as well as the ligaments and bones that support the teeth. Typically, this kind of periodontitis is linked to a systemic condition that affects the immune system, such as HIV, malnutrition, or immunosuppressive therapies. Your dentist may need to work in conjunction with other medical professionals to treat this kind of periodontitis, as controlling the underlying condition is an important part of care.